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Also known as Sam-il Movement (삼일 운동) it began as a proclamation made by students and citizens to rise and fight for their independence from Japan. Korean people’s rights were being violated by the Japanese government which caused religious and cultural leaders to proclaim with the support of Korean people in Seoul and demonstrated all over the country.

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KOREAN INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT DAY

Korea was ruled by Japan from 1910 to 1945, and on March 1, 1919, hence the name “Three-One Movement” was a large demonstration against their ruler.

Koreans wanted to be heard by the Japanese, and before a formal declaration, some complaints were shared: Quality difference on education for Koreans and Japanese, no special treatment for Korean scholars, Japanese trying to suppress Korean culture and teachings.

(Image: Credits to the rightful owner)

After hunting and suppression of activists by the Japanese, Korean leaders had to exile in China, and from there continues with activities that will lead to Korea’s freedom. In April 1919 the 'Provisional Government of the Republic of Korean' was established in Shanghai as well has the ‘Korean Liberation Army’.

(Image: Credits to the rightful owner)

The movement lasted from March 1st to April 11th with more than 1500 demonstrations around the country and participation of 2 million people. This event can also be referred as ‘The Bloody History of the Korean Independence Movement’ due to the people who died by the Japanese.

(Image: Credits to the rightful owner)

March 1, is now a national holiday in South Korea, designated as a holiday on May 24, 1949. This movement serves to pay respect to the heroic people who protested, fought, and died for their country’s Independence.

(Image: Credits to the rightful owner)

They celebrate it with concerts, parades, festivals and events around the country, people and businesses fly the national flag on their homes and buildings and in Tapgol Park (previously known as Pagoda Park) 'The Korean Declaration of Independence' is read the same way as in 1919.

(Image: Credits to the rightful owner)

(Image: Credits to the rightful owner)

Conmemoration Events that take place:

  • Seodamun Prsion History Hall (A sad place but important part of the history in which you can see prison cells, torture tools and chambers)

(Image: Credits to the rightful owner)

  • The Independence Hall of Korea (One of the best South Korean Museum with exhibitions, monuments, photos that can help you learn more about their independence)

(Image: Credits to the rightful owner)

  • Tapgol Park (Reading of the Korean Declaration of Independence)

A day that will remain important to Koreans as a symbol of unity, bravery, and sacrifice for a great cause, their freedom!

Author: Aldo

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